Do I Need a US Passport For Air Travel?

Some confusion exists around what types of travel documents for cruises are necessary. Even different cruise lines sometimes seem to have conflicting information on whether passengers must obtain and carry a US passport. Much of this confusion has resulted from the changes that have been made in recent years to travel requirements in the United States. Different modes of transportation have different requirements. It’s important that you determine what types of travel documents for cruises are necessary, and to realize that these requirements may differ from air and land travel regulations.

In 2004 the Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative was enacted. It was developed in agreement with the United States, Canada, Mexico, Bermuda and the Caribbean region. Since a number of these countries share common borders, it became necessary to develop a standardized way of screening travelers in order to protect US borders. This initiative helps to strengthen borders Scentopia singapore  without making it prohibitive for American citizens and legitimate foreign travelers to enter and leave the United States. The initiative legislates uniform standards for travel documents for cruises, as well as for land and air travel across borders.

The Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative has been implemented in graduated stages since it was drafted in 2004. The first changes were made in 2007 and affected air travel only. Since that time all foreign air travel requires a US passport. The most recent change implemented in January of 2008 directly affected land and sea travel. Prior to this date, oral declarations of citizenship were accepted when crossing borders by land or sea. However, current regulations dictate that oral declarations are no longer acceptable. Currently all land and sea crossings require a US passport or WHTI  compliant documentation. When the final phase of the Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative is enacted in June, 2009, most travelers will be expected to travel with a US passport or passport card (eligible for land and sea crossings only.)

What does this mean for travelers planning cruises between now and June, 2009? Acceptable travel documents for cruises which have ports outside of the United States include a US passport, a passport card, OR a government-issued photo identification card (valid driver’s license, military ID card, Native card, etc.) PLUS proof of citizenship (a US birth certificate or naturalization certificate.) Those travelers booking cruises for dates after June 1, 2009 will be expected to comply with the full set of rules for travel documentation. After this date, the only acceptable travel documents for cruises will be a US passport, a passport card, and limited forms of government-issued identification plus citizenship confirmation documents.

Some cruise ship companies have tightened their own rules regarding travel documents for cruises. A few have chosen to issue tickets only to holders of US passports or passport cards in an effort to expedite crossings and maintain security. Check with your cruise company to find out exactly what it recommends for documentation. Those who don’t have the correct travel documents for cruises may find themselves unable to board or disembark or even to return home in a timely manner.

In anticipation of the implementation of the final phase of the Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative, the US government is urging all Americans who have not done so to apply for a US passport. While no further changes have been made to travel documentation requirements, there is speculation that a US passport may one day be a standard form of personal identification. Many countries, particularly in Europe and the UK currently require a passport for all types of travel, including domestic flights, and for checking into hotels. Experts feel that its logical that the US will someday follow suit in a worldwide effort to maintain secure borders.


Betting Exchange Place Markets – Wise Up And Win

How To Use The Betting Exchange Place Markets To Your Advantage


In article one, I introduced you to the Betting Exchange concept
and explained the basics of LAY Betting (Lay to Lose). Now in
this article, I’m going to introduce you to another unique and
powerful feature of the betting exchanges, the Place Markets.

What Are Betting Exchange Place Markets?

Place markets are as the name suggests, markets which allow you
to bet on a selection to be ‘placed’. Eg. a horse to finish 1st,
2nd or 3rd in a 8 runner or larger field.

Now, the first and most important thing to highlight here is
that these place markets are completely different to the well
known Each Way (EW) betting markets offered by traditional
bookmakers. The Each Way bet is in fact 2 bets of equal stakes.
The 1st stake is on the selection to win and the 2nd is on it
to be placed. So a £10 EW bet will cost you £20 in total.

A £10 place bet on a Betting Exchange is a single bet and
therefore will only cost you £10. If your selection finishes in
a place, you collect your winnings and smile.

Think about it for a minute. How many times have you been
certain that a horse will be placed, but you have not been
confident that it will win…

Traditional Each Way Betting

Take the following example. A horse named ‘Im gonna be placed’
that is available to back with traditional bookmakers at 4/1
(5.0). Your very confident that it will finish in the top 3 in
a 10 runner field.

With a traditional bookmaker, your options are:

1) Take a chance on it winning and place a win single on it.
E.g. £10 at 4/1

2) Place an EW bet on it. E.g. £10 EW at 4/1 (5.0). Total
stakes £20. The bookies will pay you 1/5 odds on the place
element of this E/W bet based on their standard EW rules.
On our horse which is available to back at 5.0 this equates
to 1.8

Now, the only time the above race will be profitable for you is
if the horse actually wins. In both cases you would make a very
nice profit if it did. For option 1 you would win £40 profit
and for option 2, £48 profit.

BUT, if as you suspected the horse only finishes placed in 2nd
or 3rd, you actually lose money in both cases. With option 1
you obviously lose all your stake money so are down £10. With
option 2, you win £8 on the Place side of the EW bet but still
lose £2 overall as the win part of the bet was a losing one.

Enter The Betting Exchange Place Markets

Using the above example and depending upon the prices of the
other horses in the race, you would probably see the Betting
Exchanges offering odds of around 1.60 – 2.00 (evens) on this
horse being placed. You can therefore put your £10 PLACE bet
on at say 1.8 and collect £8 profit (minus commission) as long
as the horse finishes 1st, 2nd or 3rd. Only if the horse
finishes outside of the top 3 do you lose your £10 stake.

I’m sure this has got you thinking and you can probably see the
power in this straight away! 먹튀검증

When combined with a good staking plan and a sensible selection
process, it can be common to have very long winning streaks when
backing horses to be placed on the betting exchanges. These
longer winning streaks more than make up for the relatively
short prices that are offered on selections to be placed.

Place Market Important Notes

A few important things to note about place markets:

1) Unlike the betting exchange win markets, Place markets DO NOT
go “In-Running” when the race starts but this is true of the
traditional E/W bets offered by bookies as well.



5 Reasons to Stop Your Gambling Habit Now

Why should you stop your gambling habit now? After all, it is fun for you and it provides a great escape for you. You work so hard during the week, and do you not deserve some fun?

The truth is that gambling habits that start off as recreation can turn into full-fledged gambling addictions and gambling problems. Not everybody who gambles for fun will become an addict. However, there are some good reasons to stop gambling now.

You will prevent yourself from developing a full fledged gambling addiction if you stop your gambling habit now. If it is just a habit, but your trips to the casino have been increasing, you may actually have a strong chance of developing an addiction.

If you stop gambling now, you will most likely realize that you have other interests that you have been neglecting. Gambling can take you away from more creative pursuits because of its’ powerful, mesmerizing, and addictive nature.

When you stop gambling, you will most likely focus more on your current responsibilities and realize that you may have been procrastinating different things in your life. Gambling has a way of pulling you out of the reality of life, even if it is just a bad habit and not a full fledged problem. sbobet

Stopping gambling may make you also get more in touch with your true feelings and emotions. When you gamble, you can become numb to your feelings. Gambling has a way of putting you in a dream world, and stopping you from being authentic and honest with yourself and how you feel.

Lastly, if you stop your habit now, you will save hundred to thousand of dollars per year. Even if your gambling is just a bad habit, and had not progressed to a gambling problem, you will still save a lot of money. If you add up how much money you have spent on your gambling in the past year, it may be a lot more money than you thought!

As stated previously, having a gambling habit does not necessarily mean that you have a compulsive gambling problem. It does, however, indicate that you are more at risk for developing an addiction. If you stop now, you will see various areas of your life start to improve significantly.



Retiree Medical Benefits and ERISA Guidelines

What is Meant by “Retiree Medical” Benefits?

Also known as “post-retirement health insurance,” these benefits are typically employer-sponsored benefit plans for retired workers 55 and older.

In an earlier article titled “Other Post Employment Benefits (OPEB),” this author discussed the fact that certain specified non-pension benefits are offered after the employee retires or leaves a company in exchange for their current service. Retiree medical benefits represent the vast majority of these OPEB obligations.

How Does ERISA Apply to Retiree Medical Benefits?

If a plan is sponsored by an employer or union (other than a government employer or public employee union, or non-profit employer), it is governed by ERISA.

ERISA governed benefits plans typically contain a “reservation of rights” provision in both the Summary Plan Description (“SPD”) and the more technical official plan document, which allows the plan sponsor to change or terminate all or parts of the plan. Plan changes must be implemented and communicated in accordance with ERISA guidelines.

Where Can a Beneficiary Learn More about their Retiree Medical Benefits?

Every beneficiary of an ERISA-sponsored benefits plan should have a current copy of their Summary Plan Description, which outlines the benefits offered by the plan.

A plan sponsor is required to provide this SPD when a new plan takes effect; when an employee becomes eligible to participate in a plan; or upon written request of a plan participant or beneficiary. There are also updating requirements if significant plan changes are made. If a beneficiary has lost a copy of their plan, they can contact the plan sponsor for a replacement copy.

The customer service department of the plan sponsor, or its third party administrator, should also be able to help a beneficiary understand the benefits to which they are entitled under a plan.

What is the Risk Associated with Retiree Medical Benefits?

Retiree medical benefits represent an unfunded financial liability that must be reflected on the sponsor’s financial statements. Given the economic pressures facing corporations today, many employers are taking steps to reduce or eliminate this costly obligation.

When retiree medical plans are terminated, the beneficiaries who are not yet Medicare eligible must find individual coverage in the private health insurance market. As the cost of healthcare accelerates, these benefits become increasingly expensive to replace.

What Should a Plan Participant Do?

If a beneficiary discovers that their plan includes a “reservation of rights” provision, there is very little action that can be taken. Many plan participants do not read or fully understand their plan documentation, and learn of their exposure only after a benefit is withdrawn.


The Story Behind Sports Betting

Those of us involved in sports betting on a regular basis probably realize that in truth, there was never really any “start” point when people began betting on sports. It seems pretty natural to place some kind of wager whenever there is a contest between two different sides, whether it is a competition between individuals or between two different teams.

In fact, there are records to show that as long as there have been matches between people, on any side, there are those who want to add some excitement to the competition through wagering. From the gladiatorial contests in ancient Rome to foot races on North America’s Great Plains, all cultures have put bets involving money or goods when they are watching a competition.

Today, of course, sports betting is much more sophisticated than those ancient wagers. All around the world, bookmakers both big and small follow several different systems which allow them to make money off of people’s penchant for punting. Whether we are talking about professional or amateur leagues, you can bet that you will be able to find someone willing to take your wager.

It’s important to realize that the story of sports betting is just as much about these “middle men” than it is about the sport one is betting on. Bookies set up their odds based on very complex mathematical formulas, which help them to determine how they can make a profit off of people’s bets. They don’t want too much “action” (money wagered) on one side or another, to avoid losing their profit. So, they have thought up ways to encourage people to bet on each side.

One of those ways is to offer higher payouts should the team receiving less bets win. Those who take the “underdogs” stand to win a lot more money per dollar bet than those who take the favorites. 토토사이트

Similarly, the point spread is used to encourage betting on both sides of any given match. Both methods allow the sports books to come out of each match with some money.

The story of sports betting involves not only book makers, but also the law. You are probably familiar with the popular image of the bookie; a thug who takes money and will behave violently when not paid. However, there are many legal, above board sports books today who are legally sanctioned to take sports bets. In North America, all of these books run out of Las Vegas.

In other areas of the world, sports betting is legal but is also highly regulated. Governments, and sports bodies as well, desire to protect the honest competitive nature of sports. With the sheer amount of money being bet on the outcome of games, it can be tempting for players to forget about competition in favor of a bribe or other type of payout. The history of most sports contains stories of players throwing games in order to receive money from a bookmaker. Laws such as the Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act seek to prevent this from happening by prohibiting sports betting in certain cases and places.


4 Benefits Of Gambling

Why gamble and why don’t?

Most people are unhappy about being labeled as gamblers since the disgrace would forever harass them. People have several reasons regarding the sport of gambling. Few gamble for fun, some to forget problems, another few to just pass the time. There are people who gamble seriously and there are others who are simply addicted to gambling.

Gambling is not all that downbeat, if you realize that there certain untapped benefits from gambling which are not very visible and are beyond the race track or the walls of casino or even bingo social hall.


The employment ratio attributed to the existence of casinos in Las Vegas is around 60 percent. One would not be able to perceive the situation if the casinos suddenly stopped functioning.


Gambling is no doubt the essence of entertainment provided people limit themselves and sprinkle discipline within them. Some people are too optimistic about recovering all their lost cards in the next game and hence continue the game. These constitute hardly a quarter of the gambling population who are not responsible enough and get into indecent gambling.

However there is the other 75 percent of population who gamble responsibly. They are those who know the entertainment value of gambling and never get into opinions where they are blinded to make huge money the very first time they hit the card!

It is a sad fact that only a very minor portion of gamblers realize how destructive gambling can ever get. It is true that friends, families, jobs, properties, crime etc saturate the destruction brought by gambling when there is no application of self discipline.

Charity Work

The winnings coming from gambling tricks and activities have donated the much required financial resource for every worthy cause. Lotteries and Bingos are being utilized in many cases in a way that every win contributes a percentage of jackpot reward to various charity institutions.

At times celebrities manifest their competence in different games such as the card game of poker in a way that the audience is entertained and the winnings go towards the charitable organizations they represent.

Health benefits 먹튀검증

Studies have revealed that population which is 65 years or older who gamble have considerably fewer reports of health issues be it depression, alcoholism or bankruptcy. They find gambling very therapeutic as in a way it keeps them alert by exercising their mind.

Retiree gamblers are most often recreational gamblers who value the entertainment quotient of gambling. It was concluded that they stay healthy because they begin by being healthy and not because of gambling.

To conclude, it is not just the act of gambling that develops as harmful or beneficial to any individual. It is but the resolution of the individual which would help him rule excessive gambling rather than excessive gambling ruling up on him


Prescription Sports Glasses That Suit Adults

Vision, besides being very important, is also a sense that we have to rely on to live our lives. People who play sports are often at risk of sports-related eye injuries. The best way to protect yourself is to wear prescription sports glasses as they offer best protection to your eyes. People who play sports at a greater risk of eye injuries, especially if they play a sport that involves a ball or puck.

Protect the eyes

If you are an adult who plays sports involving bats or sticks or poles, then you can ill afford not to protect your eyes while playing your sport. Fast moving objects are an eye hazard that you need to protect yourself from.

Fashionable and comfortable

Prescription sports glasses that are designed for use by adults are both fashionable as well as comfortable. They are often equipped with straps that help to hold the glasses in place and they offer extra comfort at the same time. Whatever kind of vision problem you suffer from, you can find prescription glasses designed for sports persons that will accommodate your prescription.

Treating eye injuries is very costly

It may come as a surprise to learn that sports-related eye injuries cost almost two hundred million dollars per year. The use of prescription sports glasses can help you cut your insurance costs. However, for that to happen, you need to wear glasses that meet the ASTM F803 safety standards for sports safety. Wearing street glasses won’t do, which is why you need to be extra careful to wear glasses that are especially designed to protect your eyes whilst playing a sport.

Preventing eye injuries

Adults who prefer to not use the right sports glasses while playing sports are at a greater risk than those who do not wear glasses. Did you know that the right pair of glasses can prevent about ninety percent of all eye injuries? These injuries will not only prevent you from playing your sport but also, they make you more prone to suffering a second eye injury. We all know that losing an eye can have serious repercussions and it can also lead to blindness. This is why you need to be very careful about what you wear when playing a sport. 먹튀검증

Eye safety

Remember that eye safety is of paramount importance and you need to give wearing prescription sports glasses your very serious consideration. Basketball is a sport that causes many eye injuries and so if you play this sport there is no excuse for not wearing the right sports glasses.

Just like you would not dream about playing a sport without the right footwear, so too you need to ensure you wear the right eye protection. This will greatly reduce the risk that you could lose an eye or injure it and so be sure to think of your glasses as an essential item of equipment.

There is really no reason why adults should risk an eye injury. When playing a sport, adults need to be properly clad and they also need to protect the most important sense in their body: their eyes.



The Lowdown On EJuice Fasting

The expression “juice fasting” can infer a variety of relationship from individuals. Some may think about a crazy, radical prevailing fashion or a controlled eating regimen for brisk weight reduction. Others may consider fasting a superb and plentiful mending apparatus, while others may as of now be fasting routinely or working up to one, or including it as a piece of their otherworldly practice.


Consider this: juice fasting can be these things. It just relies upon what setting it’s utilized in, the goal and purposes for it, and the manner in which it is done and the demeanor that goes with it.


I have zero revenue in or uphold for faddy weight control plans and projects that will just serve to leave the individual endeavor it with practically no schooling on the cycle (ordinarily in light of the fact that it isn’t at all useful for the body!), that empower transient systems that may get you surface level outcomes temporarily yet positively not enduring outcomes, that don’t give you procedures and backing for how to keep up results you feel extraordinary about long haul, and that ignore the enthusiastic part of recuperating, development and personal growth. Also that they are frequently absolutely dreadful for your wellbeing!


Juice fasting, in any case, whenever attempted  ejuice in the correct setting and for the correct reasons, can be an inconceivable device to get you the wellbeing results (and profound association) you are after. Here I will impart to you some base data about juice fasting and how you can consolidate it into your life in the event that it feels ideal for you.


What is juice fasting?


It is a sure timeframe when all you burn-through other than fluids, for example, water and natural teas is new leafy foods juice. A few people likewise have stressed vegetable stock when juice fasting. Similarly as significant is the thing that you are NOT devouring when fasting, and that is any strong nourishments whatsoever, or any fluids which will burden the body, for example, espresso, stimulated teas, milk, pop, purified juice, mixed smoothies, protein powder blends, diet drinks, etc.


Why juice and what kinds of juice?


By squeezing your products of the soil you are removing the fiber from them and simply drinking the fluid with all its natural hydration, supplements, nutrients and proteins. In spite of the fact that we do require fiber in our weight control plans, going for a specific timeframe without fiber and without placing in hostile nourishments and fluids, you allow your body to burn through less effort on absorption. A huge measure of energy is spent on the absorption of what we devour each day and infrequently are individuals offering their bodies a reprieve from processing to burn through effort on different things, for example, going further into purging the body and drawing up old acidic waste that is likely causing an entire host of side effects from being there. Do you experience the ill effects of cerebral pains, obstruction, looseness of the bowels, skin inconveniences, exhaustion, touchiness, abundance weight, swelling or some other number of indications, at that point your body needs some assistance to scrub and the smart use of fasting is a splendid method of doing as such.


Regularly these side effects additionally demonstrate there is an excess of yeast in the body, which feed off sugar and the acidic waste issue that is sitting in the body. In the event that the yeast get taken care of, they multiply rapidly and indications will keep on deteriorating after some time and new ones will regularly spring up additionally as the body turns out to be increasingly more vulnerable against the entrepreneurial yeast. Despite the fact that organic products are a brilliant nourishment for the body and give huge measures of sustenance, alkalinity, hydration, proteins and energy, they are as yet characteristic sugars, which implies they will likewise take care of yeast. Thus, you should consistently be cautious when fasting to not over burn-through organic product juices. You will likewise discover on the off chance that you exaggerate the natural product squeezes that your energy may plunge and take off somewhat everywhere! Not all that pleasant when you are attempting to give your body rest and quiet so it can do its recuperating wizardry!


Getting a Merchant Account – Tips For Beginners

If you want to start accepting credit score card payments online for the primary time, then this text is a have to read. Before obtaining a merchant account, ensure you keep around and do your research. Let the client beware truely applies when deciding on a merchant account issuer, as there are numerous important elements which want to be taken into consideration. Making a terrible desire is probably to bring about severa headaches and excessive sudden ongoing expenses.

10 recommendations to selecting a service provider account company:

1. KNOW YOUR NEEDS – Do you want batch (guide) payment processing or real time processing? If you expect low quantity income then guide processing perhaps a possible direction. Before approaching merchant account processors understand your actual or anticipated margins, transaction volume and inner assets. What will your hardware, software and carrier requirements be? You can go at once to banks or ISOs for service provider bills, however setting together all the additives to e-trade (catalog system, credit score card processing, order machine, billing system, and many others) may be a nightmare. This is where it on occasion it is able to pay to partner with a ‘holistic’ payment processor which may additionally fee slightly better prices, but can provide complete and relaxed charge processing merchant money owed. high risk merchant accounts

2. 24 HOUR PAYMENT CUSTOMER SERVICE – Not best is it clever which will get 24 hour technical guide for your merchant account, but also of remarkable importance is 24 hour payment guide to your personal paying clients. Providing 24 hour smartphone payment guide for your website for excessive quantity web sites could growth income through 20-30%, in particular within the early ranges even as you quality tune your website online.

Three. RELIABILITY & INTEGRITY- Check the service provider account companies buying and selling history and attempt to get testimonials or opinions of the processor. A dishonest processor can tack on declined transaction prices in severa ways, so it’s miles important to work with a good processing agency. Common court cases towards service provider account providers consist of sudden charge increases, long time lock-in contracts, hidden charges and upload-on prices, excessive monthly-minimums, heavy rolling chargeback reserves, high chargeback expenses, and wonder month-to-month processing limits.

4. SPEED OF SERVICE – If it takes extra than three-4 commercial enterprise days to get your service provider account up and walking, then start thinking the setup and functionality of a processor. Likewise if approval is immediately or overnight, alarm bells need to also begin to ring. Setting up a new merchant account ought to take 2-four days to allow for an intensive threat assessment and suitable account setup.

5. FEES – Make certain you benefit full visibility of all expenses (application, setup, assertion, transaction, cut price fee, and fraudulent transactions – chargeback’s). Ask for a complete disclosure of ALL merchant account expenses and charges before signing some thing! Also bear in thoughts that relying in your commercial enterprise setup; your service provider account processor can also have to keep a reserve to your account.

6. UNDERWRITING AND RISK ASSESSMENT – Before approving a service provider account, the merchant account issuer will underwrite and carry out a risk evaluation of your business and business model. Find out in case your enterprise can be categorized as “High Risk”. If you trade in a excessive threat industry such as grownup, journey, dating, or pharmacy, then you’ll have to approach a excessive hazard service provider account [http://www.Intabill.Com] expert.


Auto Parts Industry Soars As More Drivers Sticking With Used Cars


Purchasing a trade-in vehicle offers a few preferences over purchasing new, a large portion of which have to do with cost. Truth be told, numerous drivers are finding that clinging to a more seasoned vehicle and setting it up is a more reasonable choice than buying a fresh out of the box new one.


As indicated by the Detroit Free Press, the automobile parts industry is blasting as drivers hoping to reduce expenses are picking to fix their trade-in vehicles as opposed to go to the vendor and put down the cash for another vehicle. Stock offers for the significant auto organizations, including Advance Auto Parts, Auto Zone and O’Reilly Automotive are all at or almost 52-week highs.


“Individuals who are not accepting new vehicles used auto parts are holding tight to their old vehicles and fixing them,” Michael Odell, CEO of the Pep Boys chain, told the news source. Energy Boys has more than 600 shops from one side of the country to the other, however is exploiting the acceptable business by adding 35 extra stores.


The flood in individuals holding tight to more seasoned vehicles is because of various components, one of which is essentially sheer numbers. Colin McGranahan of Bernstein Research theorized that in the early piece of the decade, the business was selling in excess of 16 million vehicles for every year. In the downturn injured period, that number is down to around 10 million vehicles for every year. Basically, there are more trade-in vehicles accessible than new ones.


The current monetary circumstance is adding to different variables influencing the flood in business. Drivers actually aren’t enthused about making another vehicle buy, and they may have even observed the vendor where they initially purchased the vehicle close down. That implies they’re no doubt taking the vehicle to an autonomous specialist, who depends on a car part gracefully chain. McGranahan additionally said that others may be performing support and fixes themselves to set aside cash, which is likewise driving parts deals.


Likewise, innovation has progressed to the point that vehicles are enduring longer than they actually have previously.


“Individuals have understood their vehicles will last more than five years,” Judd Nystrom, senior VP of Advance Auto Parts, told the news source.


Drivers should exploit longer-enduring vehicles by making their next buy at a trade-in vehicle business. In the event that a potential purchaser is stressed over upkeep, they might need to investigate the affirmed used projects that most significant brands keep up. These plans permit drivers to buy a trade-in vehicle with a restricted guarantee upheld by the maker.